The Astronomy Complex from Baia Mare, Romania is a modern institution for informal education of youth and adults with a regional presence. The main objective of this institution is the promoting and popularization of the first science in the human history: astronomy. We have a wide ranges of visitors – from children to seniors, tourists or local visitors and our main activity is presenting through a series of planetarium shows the wonders of the universe, the night sky tales, history of discovering the universe and scientific facts of recent finds involving the edges of visible universe, exoplanets and so on. Beside the fact that the planetarium of Baia Mare was the first public planetarium opened in Romania in 1969, and was the only planetarium present in the region of Transylvania (covering over 5,000,000 potential regional visitors), due to implementation of an European co-financed project, by ENPI Cross-border Cooperation Programme, we had installed at Baia Mare in 2015, the most modern planetarium facility in Romania, an Zeiss Skymaster ZKP4 Led optical-mechanical planetarium, with the brightest and most beautiful stars and stellar field. Our planetarium also organized the first digital virtual exhibition opened in Romania (2012), an ethno-cosmology presentation about the Romanians night sky view and original local constellations and traditions inspired by the cosmos.
At the beginning of 2020, the Astronomy Complex from Baia Mare installed a digital full-dome planetarium with a laser-phosphorus projection system, with large capabilities of operating in movie mode, interactive live-planetarium presentations or in hybrid mode, coordinating the beauty of classical projector stars with spectacular animations offered by digital projection system. From 2020, Baia Mare planetarium have the capacity to project and produce own planetarium shows or/and to import other shows from all over the world.
The main exhibitions presented here are an efficient introduction for visitors to the very complex domain of astronomy – through a presentation of the Solar System or the Deep Sky Objects, through a historic discoveries, interpretation and understanding of the Messier objects. The Digitarium exhibitions sector is a multimedia, virtual and educational applied concept of presenting the Romanian traditional constellations, with multilanguage audio and visual support (Romanian, English, Hungarian, Ukrainian), and in the 2016 year, this concept gone further to integrate special support for visitors blind or visually handicapped.
The Astronomy Complex also has an Astronomical Observatory and a very large astronomical park – with more than 10 modern telescopes, for accessing the night sky (Moon, Planets, Satellites, Galaxies, Star Clusters a.s.o) and the Sun (Sun Spots, Flares a.s.o), a very fresh installed Meteors Station – with two separate digital monitoring units, a Astronomy Library – for specialists and public, and a new facility installed for watching 3D astronomy themed movies with special active glasses for visitors.
The Astronomy Complex from Baia Mare, Maramures County, Romania has only 7 employees, from which 5 have wide expertise in educational projects and programs, been involved also in national conducted cultural – educational programs (receiving from 2011 to 2018 five grants in developing projects, from National Cultural Fond Administration / Administrația Fondului Cultural Național), and international two co-financed projects by European Union.